The reason for a well maintained balanced and healthy diet is to add a variety of minerals and vitamins. Most of the population know that carbohydrates, proteins and fats which are macro-nutrients are required elements of a diet. Vitamins are chief contributor’s to the daily function of the body and have a big effect on a well being person’s health. Body is protected from oxidative destruction and gene articulation by vitamins only.
Essential amount of vitamins
Though they are required in small quantity but are considered as the most important supporter to the daily function of a body. It is important for growth and good condition. These are calculated as important because naturally a human body does not produce vitamins, they must be acquired from materials. The direct outcome of deficiency is that according to many discoveries, man is in need of essential vitamins. As published in the nutritional manual report titled modern nutrition in health and diseases. The main reason to discover and present the importance of vitamin C was due to the suffering of 18th century sailors from deficiency of vitamin C which is called scurvy. They were given medication at sea in the form of citrus juice as a remedy step.
Types of vitamins
Vitamins are divided into two categories. One is fat soluble vitamins and the other is water soluble vitamins.
Fat soluble vitamins
These fat soluble vitamins do not get mixed in water and needs fat to get properly absorbed. Vitamins of these types function on hormones and sent messages with in the body. The fat soluble vitamins are taken in by a special lipid transports which carry them to the intestines after which they are sent to the blood in the body. Vitamins A,D,E and K are known as fat soluble vitamins due to their storage in the tissues. They can’t grow or come up after time people suffering with liver disease, cystic fibrosis and Crohn’s diseases are definitely going to pass through from mal absorption problems along with fat-soluble vitamins. One more reason for the absorption of fat soluble vitamins is maintaining healthy tips, high fibre or low fat diet and even genetic factors can also be a reason for the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
Water soluble vitamins
In comparison to the fat soluble vitamins, the best one can say is water-soluble vitamins as they can get mixed up in water and comes out of body in the form of urine. These water soluble vitamins function as co enzymes, which does the metabolization of fats proteins and carbohydrates.
These are not like fat soluble vitamins. They are absorbed quickly and directly and then released in the blood. Less risk of hyper vitamin is also called as toxicity is found from water soluble vitamins because instead of keeping stored in tissues they are released with urine. Vitamins are B vitamins identified as B2 and also riboflavin B3 is named as niacin, B6 as pyridoxine and B12 as cobalmin. Water soluble vitamins are cobalmin, foliate, thiamine, pathogenic acid, vitamin C, biotin and chorine. They dissolve very easily in water.
Sources of vitamins
It is best to obtain food due to the high bio availability. It is a good habit to maintain vitamins in food. They follow with minerals that are easily digested and absorbed in the flow of blood stream. Foods rich in carotenes are found with vitamin A, It is rarely found of vitamin D in the food supply which synthesizes into the skin from sunlight. Vitamins are generally found more in food supply.
The symptoms of neurological disorder are skin rashes and vision problems. These are due to the vitamins deficiency. Many disorders are formed by the lack of vitamins in a body. Sometimes it happens that those who are tested with a deficiency of these supplements are directed to use more vitamins. This does not harm the function of the body. Always go through with a balanced diet including whole some foods that assures the right amount of vitamins in diet.